What is our so-called developed society’s stance towards the indigenous community and culture? Whether they are travelers, journalists, authors, or sociologists, the common amalgamated endeavor has been to unravel the mystical and unusual elements within the indigenous tribes. The quest for astonishing and spectacle-worthy aspects of their lives and behavior and illuminating their facets that feel disjointed and alien to us has always captivated people’s attention and has been a source of entertainment. The aftermath is evident in front of us: plenty of sensational reports that tickle our curiosity about their sexual lives and customs are available, but not their familial life’s humanistic struggles. We can find first-hand accounts of their supernatural beliefs, spells, and peculiar rituals, but not a multi-faceted and authentic representation of their life’s relentless struggles. They are still presented as an anomaly, akin to a different race of man. They are depicted in the guise of primitive and wild individuals in eccentric attire.”
It touches upon the anthropological and sociological studies conducted on various tribal communities, providing detailed information about these tribes. However, you mention a problem when this information is not used for knowledge’s sake but to find social compatibility. These pieces of information introduce us to an unknown world, yet integrating this knowledge into Indian society remains a pressing issue.
The query further delves into the dilemma of viewing tribal communities as archaeological remnants of early human civilization or allowing them to assimilate into modern science and technology systems. Another critical question is whether to let them disintegrate in the face of modern complex state systems and social structures in the name of development or to provide them sufficient opportunities to transition into new environments smoothly.
You raise concerns about the displacement of tribal communities in the face of industrial development. The areas rich in mineral wealth and natural resources, often inhabited by tribal people, are considered invaluable to the national economy. Should the societal and cultural values of these tribes be compromised for regional or national interests? You suggest reevaluating the current concept of development, which should ensure the proper protection of the human rights of tribal communities within the new modern system.
Finally, the narratives, myths, and traditions of indigenous tribes are not just stories of past eras but carry historical logic and intellectual relevance of their institutions and cultures. Their artistic expressions, aesthetic endeavors, and ceremonial acts are not just for filling leisure moments, like in our culture. Still, they have an active, purposeful, and reciprocal relationship with their entire life. Hence, their culture takes shape as a continuity in which their life and reality are reconstructed.